Cayenne pepper - 5 seeds

Cayenne pepper - 5 seeds


Named after the French Guiana city of Cayenne, cayenne pepper plants are related to bell peppers, jalapenos and other peppers with just a touch more heat than the latter. On the Scoville scale 4,000-5,000 units

Growing cayenne pepper plants requires some heat. Chilies are mostly perennial in their native habitat of sub-tropical and tropical regions. If you live in an area that has a long growing season and a lot of suns, you may directly sow seeds in the garden 10-14 days before the last frost date.

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In temperate areas, chilies are grown as annuals, so when starting cayenne pepper plants from seed, it’s best to do so indoors or in a greenhouse. They are very delicate and react badly to overly hot or cold weather. Sow the seeds in light, well-drained soil medium and keep in a sunny location at a temperature of at least 60 F. (16 C.) until the seeds sprout in 16-20 days. Plant the growing cayenne pepper seedlings into flats spaced 2-3 inches apart or in individual pots and allow to gradually acclimate or harden to outdoor temperatures. Generally, outdoor transplanting should occur six to eight weeks after the seeds are sown, or after all danger of frost has passed; however, if you choose to transplant before the weather is frost free, it is advisable to protect the plants with row covers, hot caps and/or transplant the peppers through black plastic. To prepare for transplanting the cayenne pepper plants, amend the soil with fertilizer or organic compound if need be, avoiding too much nitrogen in an area of full sun to mostly full exposure. Plant your pepper babies 18-24 inches apart in a row.